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Kerala at a Glance

With the Arabian Sea in the west, the Western Ghats towering 500-2700 m in the east and networked by 44 rivers, Kerala enjoys unique geographical features that have made it one of the most sought after tourist destinations in Asia. An equable climate. A long shoreline with serene beaches. Tranquil stretches of emerald backwaters. Lush hill stations and exotic wildlife. Waterfalls. Sprawling plantations and paddy fields. Ayurvedic health holidays. Enchanting art forms. Magical festivals. Historic and cultural monuments. An exotic cuisine… All of which offer you a unique experience. And what’s more, each of these charming destinations is only a two hour drive from the other – a singular advantage no other destination offers.

Kerala, India’s most advanced society: With one hundred percent literacy. World-class health care systems. India’s lowest infant mortality and highest life expectancy rates. The highest physical quality of life in India. Peaceful and pristine, Kerala is India’s cleanest state.

Geographically located in the Southwest region of India, Kerala was established on 1 November, 1956. Many Malayalam speaking regions were merged together to form this beautiful state which is spread across an area of 38,386 square kilometers. Situated in the extreme of Southwest peninsula of India, this place lies between the Western Ghats on the east and Arabian Sea on the west. The varied demography, different traditions and culture have made it one of the most attractive tourist destinations in India. Kerala tops among Indian states in human development, mass literacy, economic parity, women empowerment, harmony between religions, progressive and liberal mindset of people, least in corruption, etc. which makes it literally ‘Gods Own Country’.

The state has 14 districts which are further divided into 21 Revenue divisions, Taluks and Revenue Villages. Few of the districts were renamed in the year 1990, such as Thiruvananthapuram (earlier known as Trivandrum). Thiruvananthapuram is the capital of the state, while other important cities include Kochi, Kozhikode, Kollam and Thrissur.

Tourism in Kerala

Kerala has emerged as one of the most popular tourist places in India. The natural beauty in the form of beaches, mountain ranges, wildlife, backwaters and lush green areas offer a splendid view to the visitors. There are many places to be visited here. The cities and the places in Kerala have significance of their own.

Thiruvananthapuram is the capital of the state, where tradition and modernity coexists. Beautiful beaches, monuments and museums, intricately carved temples, art galleries and the greenery makes the city more attractive for the tourists. As the state is blessed by nature, it has something to offer to everyone.

Kochi, earlier known as Cochin, is popularly known as ‘Queen of the Arabian Sea’ and is also called ‘Gateway to Kerala’. Beaches, museums and islands are greatest tourist attractions. The boat ride and the live Kathakali performances impress and draw the visitors.

A small town and a hill station, Munnar is located in the Southwest of Kerala. Tea plantations, waterfalls, holiday facilities make it a famous resort town. National parks and wildlife are also not to be missed. Activities such as rock climbing, bicycle riding and boating gives the visitors another reason to love this place.

The Backwaters of Kerala are other important tourist destinations in the state. They are made up of the interconnected rivers, lakes and canals which merge into Arabian Sea. Houseboat or Kettuvallam rides and the boat races during festivals are alluring for the tourists.

Special mention is needed to describe the Kerala architecture. Kerala vasthu shasthra is the other name for spectacular beauty. Traditional tharavadus (houses of the feudal famalies), modern houses, malls, temples, and many other buildings seen all over the state give splendid treat to the eyes of people.

Kerala has much more to offer to its visitors. The magical festivals, splendid art forms, exotic cuisines, ayurvedic health vacations give a unique experience to the tourists in the state.

Beaches in Kerala

  • Alappuzha Beach
  • Cherai Beach
  • Kovalam
  • Kozhikode Beach
  • Muzhappilangad Beach
  • Thirumullavaram Beach
  • Payyambalam Beach
  • Kannur Beach, to name a few.

Best Time to Visit Kerala

Any time of the year. There is no extreme climatic seasons. Monsoon is good for ayurvedic treatment, summers are good for hill stations and backwaters trips. March – May are hot and humid during daytime.

How to Reach Kerala

Kerala can be accessed through different modes of transports. It is easily reachable through roads, railways and air. The western coast of the state is mostly approachable through national highways and the eastern coast is accessible through state highways. The railway network is spread across the entire state connecting almost every major city and town. There are three major international airports which make Kerala well-connected to all the major cities and states in India.

Kerala State Information

Capital Thiruvananthapuram
Date of formation 01/11/56
Governor P. Sathasivam
Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan
Recognition The first state to be declared as “Complete Digital State”
Tourist attractions Kovalam, Wayanad, Kannur, Thekkady, Kasargodu, Moonnar, Kumarakom, Alappuzha
Festivals Nehru Trophy boat race (Aug), Thrissur Pooram (May), Onam festival cum tourism week (Aug-Sept), Pulikali (May)
Major dance and music forms Mohiniyattam, Kathakali, Kalaripayattu
Arts and crafts Kalamezhuthu paintings; Murals in temples using ‘pure’ colours such as white, red, black, green and ochre; Bell metal idols, lamps etc.
Languages Malayalam
Size 38,863 sq. km
Population (Census 2011) 33,387,677
Rivers Periyar, Bharathapuzha
Forests and wildlife sanctuaries Periyar NP, Wayanad NP, Silent Valley NP
State animal Elephant
State bird Great Indian hornbill
State flower Kanikonna or Indian laburnum or amaltas
State tree Coconut
Major crops Coconut, rubber, coffee
Factoids Edakkal caves in Arnbukutty Moun am have petroglyphs or rock carvings and are believed to have been made by Neolithic men.
Believed to be the oldest of all martial art forms, Kalaripayattu gets its name from lalari’ or school and ‘payattu’ or practice.
No. of Districts 14